Mobility is essential for
The extension of the European Union to 27 members amplifies this fact.
Furthermore, especially in
some areas are hardly accessible.
However, all over
current transport modes have limitations and suffer from congestion:
roads are already congested. As the demand for travel is increasing with
growth of GDP, the European Commission is advocating a shift from cars
into trains. In its policy White Paper on transport,
the Commission advocates to enhance the
European railway system to enable this shift in transport modes.
However, railways are expensive to construct and many areas in
will not be served by high speed and convenient railway connections.
Most large airports are also congested or could quickly reach their
Moreover, society is evolving : passengers are becoming more demanding
in terms of time and cost, in addition their behaviour is also changing
: a phenomenon of individualization is taking place little by little,
meaning that people want to have a wider choice on transport mode.
Future mobility therefore cannot be entirely satisfied by current
transport systems, such as hubs, railways or highways.
The European Commission has published in 2007 an
for Sustainable Future in General and Business Aviation
recognizing the role and potential development in the Air Transport
February 2009 the
European Parliament adopted the “Queiro’s
The report underlines the potential socio economic benefit of small
aircraft providing a point to point mobility and time saving for
business. Furthermore, it has recognized the growing gap between the
demand and capacity of the current air transport system, and that big
airports are less and less accessible for small aircraft. The
report also insists on the
importance having SESAR considering in the ATM picture a increased use
of small aircraft. Small aircraft are a viable complement to the
existing air transport system. Transportation by small aircraft can be
an answer to the increasing demand for transport and mobility.
A Small Aircraft Transport System for inter-regional
mobility can be foreseen. This should be based on the following
small fixed wing aircraft,
and the adoption of the following business approaches:
regular scheduled flights on
inter-regional routes by small aircraft and commuters,
use of small and local airports,
use of aerodromes (grass airfield, sea and lakes),
inter-modal traffic: airline – small airplane – car.
in small aircraft design methods and configurations and in advanced
technologies for many subsystems to reduce emissions, noise,
operability, costs and
time to market are needed. New developments in avionics, autonomous
flight technology and in ATM approaches are needed in order to increase
safety. New developments
and infrastructure improvements (physical infrastructures and remote ATM
control capacity, e.g. virtual towers) are required at the European and
national level to improve small and local airports/aerodromes, to
increase safety, and reduce emissions.